esa.hubble (astroquery.esa.hubble)

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a joint ESA/NASA orbiting astronomical observatory operating from the near-infrared into the ultraviolet. Launched in 1990 and scheduled to operate at least through 2020, HST carries and has carried a wide variety of instruments producing imaging, spectrographic, astrometric, and photometric data through both pointed and parallel observing programs. During its lifetime HST has become one of the most important science projects ever, with over 500 000 observations of more than 30000 targets available for retrieval from the Archive.

This package allows the access to the European Space Agency Hubble Archive. All the HST observations available in the EHST are synchronised with the MAST services for HST reprocessed public data and corresponding metadata. Therefore, excluding proprietary data, all HST data in the EHST are identical to those in MAST.

Examples

1. Getting Hubble products

>>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
>>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
>>> esahubble.download_product("J6FL25S4Q", "RAW", "raw_data_for_J6FL25S4Q.tar")

This will download all files for the raw calibration level of the observation ‘J6FL25S4Q’ and it will store them in a tar called ‘raw_data_for_J6FL25S4Q.tar’.

2. Getting Hubble postcards

>>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
>>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
>>> esahubble.get_postcard("J6FL25S4Q", "RAW", 256, "raw_postcard_for_J6FL25S4Q.jpg")

This will download the postcard for the observation ‘J8VP03010’ with low resolution (256) and it will stored in a jpg called ‘raw_postcard_for_J6FL25S4Q.jpg’. Resolution of 1024 is also available.

Calibration levels can be RAW, CALIBRATED, PRODUCT or AUXILIARY.

3. Getting Hubble artifacts

Note: Artifact is a single Hubble product file.

>>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
>>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
>>> esahubble.get_artifact("w0ji0v01t_c2f.fits.gz")

This will download the compressed artifact ‘w0ji0v01t_c2f.fits.gz’. ‘w0ji0v01t_c2f.fits’ is the name of the Hubble artifact to be download.

4. Querying target names in the Hubble archive

The query_target function queries the name of the target as given by the proposer of the observations.

>>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
>>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
>>> table = esahubble.query_target("m31", "m31_query.xml")
>>> str(table)

This will retrieve a table with the output of the query. It will also download a file storing all metadata for all observations associated with target name ‘m31’. The result of the query will be stored in file ‘m31_query.xml’.

5. Querying observations by search criteria in the Hubble archive

The query_criteria function uses a set of established parameters to create and execute an ADQL query, accessing the HST archive database usgin the Table Access Protocol (TAP).

  • calibration_level (str or int, optional): The identifier of the data reduction/processing applied to the data.

  • RAW (1)

  • CALIBRATED (2)

  • PRODUCT (3)

  • AUXILIARY (0)

  • data_product_type (str, optional): High level description of the product.

  • image

  • spectrum

  • timeseries

  • intent (str, optional): The intent of the original obsever in acquiring this observation.

  • SCIENCE

  • CALIBRATION

  • collection (list of strings, optional): List of collections that are available in eHST catalogue.

  • HLA

  • HST

Do not forget that this is a list of elements, so it must be defined as [‘HST’], [‘HST’, ‘HLA’]…

  • instrument_name (list of strings, optional): Name(s) of the instrument(s) used to generate the dataset. This is also a list of elements.

  • filters (list of strings, optional): Name(s) of the filter(s) used to generate the dataset. This is also a list of elements.

  • async_job (bool, optional, default ‘True’): executes the query (job) in asynchronous/synchronous mode (default synchronous)

  • output_file (str, optional, default None) file name where the results are saved if dumpToFile is True. If this parameter is not provided, the jobid is used instead

  • output_format (str, optional, default ‘votable’) results format

  • verbose (bool, optional, default ‘False’): flag to display information about the process

  • get_query (bool, optional, default ‘False’): flag to return the query associated to the criteria as the result of this function.

This is an example of a query with all the parameters and the verbose flag activated, so the query is shown as a log message.

>>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
>>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
>>> result = esahubble.query_criteria(calibration_level = 3,
                                      data_product_type = 'image',
                                      intent='SCIENCE',
                                      obs_collection=['HLA'],
                                      instrument_name = ['WFC3'],
                                      filters = ['F555W', 'F606W'],
                                      async_job = False,
                                      output_file = 'output1.vot.gz',
                                      output_format="votable",
                                      verbose = True,
                                      get_query = False)
INFO: select o.*, p.calibration_level, p.data_product_type from ehst.observation
AS o LEFT JOIN ehst.plane as p on o.observation_uuid=p.observation_uuid
where(p.calibration_level LIKE '%PRODUCT%' AND p.data_product_type LIKE '%image%'
AND o.intent LIKE '%SCIENCE%' AND (o.collection LIKE '%HLA%') AND (o.instrument_name
LIKE '%WFC3%') AND (o.instrument_configuration LIKE '%F555W%' OR
o.instrument_configuration LIKE '%F606W%')) [astroquery.esa.hubble.core]
>>> str(result)
Table length=2000 ...

This will make a synchronous search, limited to 2000 results to find the observations that match these specific requirements. It will also download a votable file called output.vot.gz containing the result of the query.

The following example uses the string definition of the calibration level (‘PRODUCT’) and executes an asynchronous job to get all the results that match the criteria.

>>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
>>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
>>> result = esahubble.query_criteria(calibration_level = 'PRODUCT',
                                      data_product_type = 'image',
                                      intent='SCIENCE',
                                      obs_collection=['HLA'],
                                      instrument_name = ['WFC3'],
                                      filters = ['F555W', 'F606W'],
                                      async_job = True,
                                      output_file = 'output2.vot.gz',
                                      output_format="votable",
                                      verbose = True,
                                      get_query = False)
>>> str(result)
Table length=12965 ...

As has been mentioned, these parameters are optional and it is not necessary to define all of them to execute this function, as the search will be adapted to the ones that are available.

>>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
>>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
>>> result1 = esahubble.query_criteria(calibration_level = 'PRODUCT',
                                       async_job = False,
                                       output_file = 'output3.vot.gz')
>>> result2 = esahubble.query_criteria(data_product_type = 'image',
                                       intent='SCIENCE',
                                       async_job = False,
                                       output_file = 'output4.vot.gz')
>>> result3 = esahubble.query_criteria(data_product_type = 'timeseries',
                                       async_job = False,
                                       output_file = 'output5.vot.gz')

If no criteria are specified to limit the selection, this function will retrieve all the observations.

 >>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
 >>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
 >>> result = esahubble.query_criteria(async_job = False,
                                       verbose = True)
 INFO: select o.*, p.calibration_level, p.data_product_type from ehst.observation
 AS o LEFT JOIN ehst.plane as p on o.observation_uuid=p.observation_uuid
 [astroquery.esa.hubble.core]

This last example will provide the ADQL query based on the criteria defined by the user.
>>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
>>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
>>> result = esahubble.query_criteria(calibration_level = 'PRODUCT',
                                      data_product_type = 'image',
                                      intent='SCIENCE',
                                      obs_collection=['HLA'],
                                      instrument_name = ['WFC3'],
                                      filters = ['F555W', 'F606W'],
                                      get_query = True)
>>> str(result)

6. Cone searches in the Hubble archive

>>> from astropy import coordinates
>>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
>>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
>>> c = coordinates.SkyCoord("00h42m44.51s +41d16m08.45s", frame='icrs')
>>> table = esahubble.cone_search(c, 7, "cone_search_m31_5.vot")
>>> str(table)

This will perform a cone search with radius 7 arcmins. The result of the query will be returned and stored in the votable file ‘cone_search_m31_5.vot’.

7. Getting access to catalogues

This function provides access to the HST archive database using the Table Access Protocol (TAP) and via the Astronomical Data Query Language (ADQL).

>>> from astroquery.esa.hubble import ESAHubble
>>> esahubble = ESAHubble()
>>> result = esahubble.query_hst_tap("select top 10 * from hsc_v2.hubble_sc2", "test.vot.gz")
>>> print(result)

This will execute an ADQL query to download the first 10 sources in the Hubble Source Catalog (HSC) version 2.1 (format default: compressed votable). The result of the query will be stored in the file ‘test.vot.gz’. The result of this query can be viewed by doing result.get_results() or printing it by doing print(result).

Reference/API

astroquery.esa.hubble Package

@author: Javier Duran @contact: javier.duran@sciops.esa.int

European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC) European Space Agency (ESA)

Created on 13 Aug. 2018

Classes

ESAHubbleClass([tap_handler])

Class to init ESA Hubble Module and communicate with eHST TAP

Conf()

Configuration parameters for astroquery.esa.hubble.